Wired reports that a man has been convicted and given a six month custodial sentence for the possession of manga depicting "obscene visual representations of the sexual abuse of children." Thus ruling that these manga are not exempt due to having serious literary or artistic value.
This is the first known American conviction based solely on imaginary drawn materials not involving actual children. He was convicted of "Possession of Obscene Visual Representations of the Sexual Abuse of Children" and "Mailing Obscene Matter".
The manga the conviction was based upon are reputed to be: Mikansei Seifuku Shōjo/Unfinished School Girl, I Heart Doll , Kemono/The Animal Sex Anthology 3, Otonari Kazoku/Neighboring House Family, Eromon, Kono Man_ ga Sugoi/This Man is Awesome and Hina Meikyū/Doll Labyrinth.
Many comic and anime groups and graphic novel celebrities such as Neil Gaiman have spoken out against the case and the conviction. While mainstream coverage has been less sympathetic with headlines such as "Hardcore comics sidestep porn law" and "Child porn row exposes manga's dark side".
The judgement (pdf)